Jimmy Carter Pt. 1

  • Aired:  04/09/13
  •  | Views: 59,488

Former President Jimmy Carter explains how his organization has nearly eradicated guinea worm infections from Asia and Africa. (6:48)

>> Jon: WELCOME BACK.

MY GUEST TONIGHT HE WAS THE 39th PRESIDENT OF THESE UNITED STATES.

HE IS HERE TO DISCUSS HOW HIS NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION THE CARTER CENTER HAS NEARLY

ERADICATED THE GUINEA WORTH DISEASE.

PLEASE WELCOME BACK TO THE PROGRAM PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER.

HOW ARE YOU, SIR?

NICE TO SEE YOU.

>> GOOD TO BE BACK.

>> Jon: HERE IS WHAT I DIDN'T REALIZE.

OKAY, SO YOU HAVE THIS THING THAT YOU START IN 1986.

>> RIGHT.

>> Jon: THE CARTER CENTER.

THEY SAY THIS GUINEA WORM IS A PROBLEM.

I CAN'T DO IT JUSTICE.

>> IF YOU DRINK OUT A WATER HOSE IT BUILDS UP DURING THE RAINY SEASON AND STAYS DRY.

YOU DRINK THE GUINEA WORM EGGS AND IN A YEAR'S TIME IT GROWS INTO A WORM 30 INCHES LONG AND

STAYS INSIDE YOUR SKIN EP DERMIS AND TAKES A SORE.

IT EMERGES.

TAKES 30 DAYS TO COWMENT AND DESTROYS MUSCLE TISH GREW.

>> Jon: AND TERRIBLE PAIN.

>> ALMOST INDECEMBER SCRIBABLE PAIN.

>> Jon: YOUR PEOPLE SENT ME A DEAD GUINEA WORM.

>> I BET -- I'M GLAD IT'S DEAD, YEAH.

>> Jon: THIS IS WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE.

THAT IS THE THING THAT COMES OUT OF PEOPLE -- OFTEN TIMES THEIR FEET OR TOES.

>> FEET, TOES,, THE FIRST TIME I SAW IT ONE WAS COMING OUT OF A NIPPLE OF A WOMAN'S BREAST.

>> Jon: TERRIBLE THING N.1986 WHEN YOU BEGIN THIS PROGRAM, HOW MANY CASES OF GUINEA WORM ARE

OCCURRING THROUGHOUT WHERE IS IT MOSTLY ASIA, AFRICA.

>> THREE COUNTRIES IN ASIA AND 17 IN AFRICA, SUBSAHARA.

WE FOUND THEM IN VILLAINS AND HAD THREE AND A HALF MILLION CASES.

>> Jon: 3.5 MILLION CASES.

>> THAT'S WHAT WE FOUND.

>> Jon: 1986 TO NOW IS NOT --

>> LAST YEAR WE HAD 542 CASES.

>> Jon: 542 FROM 3.5 MILLION.

>> RIGHT.

AND 521 OF THOSE CASES WITH IN SOUTH SUEDAR.

THIS YEAR SO FAR WE JUST HAVE SEVEN CASES.

ALL OF THEM --

>> Jon: UNBELIEVABLE.

[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]

HERE IS THE CRAZY PART.

HERE IS THE THING.

WE ALWAYS THINK ABOUT THESE TYPES OF SCOURGES THAT HIT THE AREAS AND WE HAVE TO DEVELOP THE

RIGHT MEDICINE AND THE DRUG.

AND WE HAVE TO CREATE SOME SORT OF -- HOW WAS THIS SOLVED?

>> NO MEDICINE TO PREVENT IT OR CURE IT.

FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS THEY WRAPPED THE GUINEA WORM ON A STICK SO IT WOULD COME OUT IN 20

DAYS INSTEAD OF 30.

YOU HAD TO SUFFER THREE WEEKS.

WE FOUND IF YOU POUR THE WATER THROUGH A FILTER IT GETS OUT THE EGGS AND DRINK YOUR FILTERED

WATER WITHOUT THE GUINEA WORM EGGS AND YOU DON'T HAVE IT.

>> Jon: EDUCATION.

YOU WON'T THERE AND THEY SHOWED.

WERE THEY RESISTANT TO --

>> SOME OF THEM WERE BECAUSE THE MEDICINE WERE MAKING A LOT OF MONEY TREATING IT.

>> Jon: SURE.

>> AND THEY THOUGHT A POND WAS SAFE.

FIT HADN'T BEEN FOR THE POND THAT THE VILLAGE WOULDN'T BE THERE.

WE WERE INSINUATING IT CAME FROM THE SACRED POND.

IF YOU HOLD UP THE GLASS YOU CAN SEE THE THINGS SWIMMING AROUND.

WE EVENTUALLY SHOWED THEM THE THINGS IN THE POND AND THEY LET US PROVIDE THE FILTER.

WE HAD TO GO TO EVERY SINGLE VILLAGE ON EARTH THAT HAD THE DISEASE.

WE FEEL WE HAVE PREVENTED ABOUT 80 MILLION CASES OF GUINEA WORM SINCE WE FIRST STARTED.

>> Jon: UNBELIEVABLE.

DO THEY NOW CREATE --

>> DUPONT GIVE OF GAVE US A SPECIAL FILTER THAT WOULDN'T ROT IN THE TROPICS.

IT HAD TO BE OFTEN WITH BY PEOPLE THAT MAKE PARACHUTES.

>> Jon: YOU'VE ERADICATED IT.

>> WELL, ALMOST.

>> Jon: BILL GATES IS OUT THERE WITH MALARIA.

DO YOU RIB HIM A LITTLE BIT?

HOW IS IT GOING?

MALARIA?

>> WE WORK ON THAT, TOO.

WE DON'T BRAG BECAUSE WE GET A LOT OF MONEY FROM THE BILL GATES FOUNDATION.

>> Jon: THAT'S WHAT I MEANT THEY ARE VERY GOOD PEOPLE.

>> REALLY ARE.

ONE OF HIS GREATEST ADMIRERS.

>> Jon: WHEN YOU BUILD THEIR TRUST ARE THEREOTHER THINGS YOU WANT TO ACCOMPLISH IN THE VILLAGES?

>> WE GO OUT IN THE JUNGLE AND IN THE DESERT AREAS THAT NOBODY ELSE WANTS TO GO.

THEY CALL THESE NEGLECTED DISEASES BECAUSE NOBODY --

>> Jon: DISEASES OF SANITATION AND SIMPLE -- ONE OF DISEASES THAT COMES FROM FLIES AROUND

YOUR EYES CAUSES BLINDNESS.

WHEN YOU GO TO A VILLAGE AND YOU SEE LITTLE CHILDREN IN THE DISTANCE YOU THINK THEY ARE

WEARING EYE GLANCES AND YOU GET CLOSE IT'S FLIES ON THEIR EYES ALL THE TIME.

THE EYE GETS INFECTED AND THE UPPER EYELID TURNS INWARD AND EVERY TIME YOU BLINK IT CUTS THE CORNEA.

>> Jon: HOW DO YOU DO IT THAT?

>> WE TEACH THE KIDS TO WASH THEIR FACES WHICH THEY NEVER TRIED BEFORE.

WE TEACH THEM.

AND IN CERTAIN PARTS OF AFRICA A WOMAN IS ABSOLUTELY PREVENTED BY TABOOS FROM RELIEVING HERSELF IN

THE DAY TIME.

THEY HAVE TO HIDE AND DEFECATE.

WE TAUGHT THEM HOW TO BUILD AN OUTDOOR TOILET THAT ONLY COST $1 IF YOU DO THE WORK THEMSELVES.

WE THOUGHT WE WOULD HAVE 1,000.

WE JUST FINNED 2 MILLION 300,000 LATRINES IN AFRICA.

>> Jon: INCREDIBLE.

>> I'VE BECOME FAMOUS AS THE NUMBER ONE LATRINE BUILDER IN THE WORLD.

I'M NOT FAMOUS FOR PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND EGYPT BUT, YOU KNOW?

>> Jon: MAYBE THEY CHANGE THE NAME TO THE JIMMY INSTEAD OF THE JOHN.

[LAUGHTER]

WE'LL TALK ABOUT CURRENT EVENTS RIGHT AFTER THIS.

[CHEERS AND APPL

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