February 25, 2014 - Michio Kaku

  • Episode: 19068
  • (0)

Ukrainians depose President Viktor Yanukovych, Mexican police apprehend a notorious drug lord, and physicist Michio Kaku talks "The Future of the Mind."

[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]>> Jon: HEY, WELCOME TO "THE

DAILY SHOW".

MY NAME IS JON STEWART.

THE PROGRAM TONIGHT WILL BEEXCEPTIONAL.

MY GUEST TONIGHT MICHIO KAKU.

HE IS A THEORETICAL QUANTUMPHYSICIST POSTULATING ON THE

NEUROSCIENCES.

I WILL ASK HIM TO GIVE ME HISLUNCH MONEY. [ LAUGHTER ]

LET'S BEGIN IN THE UKRAINE. ACOUNTRY PRECARIOUSLY BALANCEDBETWEEN RUSSIAN AND EUROPEANINFLUENCES.

A BARRIER TWIXT EAST ANDWEST, A THIN BORSCHT WALL IF YOU

WILL SEPARATING THE KREMLIN'SDOMINANT INFLUENCE, REPRESENTEDHERE BY THE GIANTANIMATRONIC CRYING

BEAR, A CLASSIC ICON OF RUSSIANPOWER AND EUROPEAN INFLUENCE

REPRESENTED BY AN (bleep).

[ LAUGHTER ]WHO THINKS HIS TINY COFFEE IS

SO MUCH BETTER THAN ANYBODYELSE'S COFFEE.

IF IT WAS SO GREAT, WHY DON'TYOU DRINK MORE OF IT?

[LAUGHTER]>> ANYWAY MY POINT IS UKRAINE

HAS DESCENDED TO CHAOS.

>> THE TROUBLE BEGAN IN NOVEMBERWHEN PRESIDENT YANUKOVYCHREJECTED AN ECONOMIC DEAL WITH

THE EUROPEAN UNION IN FAVOR OFCLOSER TIES WITH RUSSIA.

THE COUNTRY SPLIT IN TWO UNTILDEMONSTRATORS FINALLY CALLED FOR

PRESIDENT YANUKOVYCH TO STEPDOWN.

>> RIOT POLICE AND PROTESTERSCLASHED AGAIN IN KIEV'S

INDEPENDENCE SQUARE.

>> Jon: FIRST THING I'M GOINGTO DO WHEN I'M A DICTATOR, I'M

GOING GET RID OF ALL THESE(bleep) SQUARES.

[ LAUGHTER ]

NOTHING GOOD HAPPENS FORDICTATORS IN SQUARES.

[LAUGHTER]YOU NEVER HEAR ABOUT UPRISINGS

IN TAHIR TRIANGLE OR TIANNANMENRHOMBUS.

YOU NEVER HEAR THAT.

IT'S A TERRIBLE SITUATION, ACOMPLICATED SITUATION.

THERE ARE HISTORIC DIVISIONSAMONGST WEST LEANING UKRAINIANS

AND THOSE WHO STILL CONSIDERTHEMSELVES RUSSIAN.

THERE'S FALLOUT FROM UKRAINE'S2004 ORANGE REVOLUTION.

THERE'S PARALLELS HERE WITH THEARAB SPRING OR TO PUT ALL THISIN

PARLANCE OUR MEDIA CANUNDERSTAND.

>> I WONDER HOW IT WILL PLAY IN2014 OR EVEN IN 2016.

>> Jon: YES.

THE CRUCIAL QUESTION ASUKRAINIANS BRAVELY TAKE TO THE

STREETS AS ALWAYS, WHAT DOES ITMEAN FOR OUR MID TERMS OR

PERHAPS OUR PRESIDENTIALELECTION?

AFTER ALL UKRAINE DOES RANK ASAN ISSUE VOTERS CARE ABOUT JUST

UNDER EQUAL RIGHTS FORGHOSTS AND SHOULD

EVOLUTION BE TAUGHT IN POOLS.

I'M SURE UKRAINE IS EQUALLY ASFIXATED ON AMERICAN POLITICS.

>> I BELIEVE THIS UPRISING WILLHELP CHRISTIE.

WE'VE DONE IT TO DISTRACTAMERICANS FROM BRIDGEGATE. THISWILL HELP CHRISTIE IN THE IOWACAUCASIAN.

>> Jon: COME ON.

THE REAL PROBLEM ISN'T HOWPOSSIBLE FUTURE PRESIDENTS MIGHTHANDLE UKRAINE

IT'S HOW COULD OUR CURRENTPRESIDENT HAVE LET THIS HAPPEN.

>> UKRAINE AND OTHER COUNTRIESTRYING TO GET SOME FREEDOM BUT

THE PRESIDENT HAS LOST MORALAUTHORITY.

>> THE PRESIDENT NEEDS TO UP HISGAME AND SEND A CLEAR PUBLIC

MESSAGE TO PUTIN.

>> WE CONTINUE TO LET VLADMIRPUTIN PUSH US AROUND.

>> WHEN YOU PROJECT WEAKNESS,PEOPLE DON'T FEAR YOU AND THEY

DO WHAT THEY WANT.

>> Jon: SO WEAK.

SO MAD AT OUR WEAKNESS.

THANKS TO OBAMA'S LILY LIVEREDCHAMBERLAINESQUE APPEASEMENT OF

THE BETEATED RULER OF THECAUCASUS [LAUGHTER]

OLD IVAN NIPOLOVICH.

HE GETS TO PULL THE STRINGS ANDONCE AGAIN CLAIM UKRAINE FOR

THE -- WHAT ARE THEY CALLING ITNOW PUTINISTAN, WHATEVER THEYARE

CALLING IT.

THE ONLY THING WRONG WITH THATINTERPRETATION IS THAT ITAPPEARS THE PUTIN FORCES ARE

LOSING A HANDLE ON THE UKRAINEBUT REALLY NEVER MIND I'M SURE A

POPULOUS UPRISING AGAINSTPUTIN'S PUPPET IS PART OF HISPLAN AND WE KNOW

WHICH PRESIDENT WOULD HAVE THEMEDICINE FOR THIS UKRAINE MESS.

>> WHAT WOULD RONALD REAGAN HAVEDONE.

>> RONALD REAGAN WOULD LEAD THEFREE WORLD.

>> HE BROKE DOWN THE WALL.

ENDED THE COLD WAR.

>> NO RED LINES, HE SIMPLYACTED.

>> Jon: YES, I SHOULD KNOWBECAUSE MY NAME IS OLIVER NORTH

AND WHEN I WORKED FOR RONALDREAGAN I ILLEGALLY SOLD WEAPONSTO

IRAN AND ILLEGALLY TOOK THATMONEY AND ILLEGALLY GAVE IT TO

NICARAGUAN DEATH SQUADS OR ASWE CALLED IT BACK THEN SIMPLY

ACTING.

[ LAUGHTER ]BUT POINT TAKEN.

REAGAN WOULD NOT LET THESEFREEDOM-HATING RUSSIAN

UKRAINIANS PUSH US AROUND.

THE SOVIET UNION INVADEDAFGHANISTAN, REAGAN SIMPLY

ACTED.

>> WHEN THE SOVIET UNION INVADEDIN 1979 [EXPLOSION] A GROUP OF

AFGHAN MUSLIMS DECLARED A HOLYWAR.

THEY WERE KNOWN AS THEMUJAHIDIN.

BOTH THE CARTER AND REAGANADMINISTRATIONS GAVE THEM $3

BILLION IN MILITARY AID TO FIGHTTHE SOVIETS.

>> Jon: PROBLEM SOLVED REAGANSTYLE.

>> THE MOST MILITANT EXTREMISTFACTION OF THE MUJAHIDIN TURNED

INTO THE TALIBAN.

[LAUGHTER]>> Jon: RIGHT.

[LAUGHTER]BUT WE DIDN'T HAVE TO FIGHT

THOSE GUYS FOR AT LEAST 12 MOREYEARS AND REAGAN WAS SIMPLY GONE

BY THEN.

AND WHEN THE FREEDOM-LOVINGIRAQIS GOT INTO A WAR WITH IRAN,

REAGAN SIMPLY ACTED.

ALLOWING SAUDI ARABIA TO SELLSADDAM HUSSEIN AMERICAN-MADE

WEAPONS.

[LAUGHTER]BUT WE DIDN'T HAVE TO FIGHT THAT

GUY FOR LIKE TWO MORE YEARS.

[ LAUGHTER ]AND THEN AGAIN

12 YEARS AFTER THAT.

THE POINT IS THIS: REAGAN ACTEDNO MATTER WHAT THE (bleep) WAS

GOING TO HAPPEN.

[ LAUGHTER ]NOT LIKE OLD PRESIDENT SITS ON

HIS HANDS CONTENT TO DO NOTHINGBUT FIRE HELL FIRE MISSILES INTO

FOREIGN COUNTRIES AND ARM SYRIANREBELS AND BOMB LIBYA, YOU KNOW

PASSIVE STUFF.

[ LAUGHTER ]THE POINT IS, WHILE WE WERE

DILLY DALLYING, PUTIN GOT THEADVANTAGE.

I'M SURE HIS MAN YANUKOVYCH WASSTRENGTHENING THE GRIP ON

AUTHORITY WHILE LOOSENING THEGRIP ON HIS SHIRT AND THE TWO OFTHEM

WERE GOING TO DO SOME SLAVIC MANBOOB POWER TRANSFER.

>> PRESIDENT VIKTOR YANUKOVYCHFLEEING THE CAPITAL OF KIEV.

>> AN INTERIM PRESIDENT HAS BEENAPPOINTED AND THE COUNTRY IS SETTO VOTE IN MAY.

>> Jon: WAIT THE PUTIN GUYFLED?

FORCES OF FREEDOM PREVAILED? ITHINK IT'S PRETTY CLEAR WHAT

HAPPENED HERE.

THE GHOST OF REAGAN.

[ LAUGHTER ]HAUNTED YANUKOVYCH, TOLD HIM TO

LEAVE BOO CRANE.

THERE'S NO OTHER EXPLANATION.

>> TWO DAYS BEFORE HE FLED ANOBAMA ADMINISTRATION OFFICIAL

SAYS HE WAS ON THE PHONE FORMORE THAN TWO HOURS WITH VICE

PRESIDENT JOE BIDEN.

BIDEN TOLD HIM THE WINDOW FOR ARESOLUTION TO THE CRISIS WAS

QUICKLY CLOSING.

>> Jon: NO WONDER HE GOT THE(bleep) OUT THERE.

TWO HOURS ON THE PHONE WITH JOEBIDEN?

[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]WE'LL BE RIGHT BACK.

[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]

>> Jon: LADIES AND GENTLEMEN,I'M SO EXCITED TO TELL YOUSOMETHING.

IT'S TIME ONCE AGAIN TO CHECK INON OUR NEIGHBORS TO THE SOUTH.

NO NOT --[LAUGHTER]

WE'RE NOT DOING A STORY ON THE51 STREET FOOD MARKET, NOT OUR

LITERAL NEIGHBORS TO THE SOUTH.

THEY DO HAVE A TERRIFIC TURKEYSANDWICH.

MY POINT IS THIS, THANK YOU.

MEXICO.

[ LAUGHTER ]AFTER MORE THAN A DECADE A

BRUTAL WAR WITH MASSIVE DRUGCARTELS HAS BEEN A DEFINING FACT

OF LIFE AND LAST WEEKEND ABREAK.

>> THE CAPTURE OF ONE OF MOSTWANTED CRIMINALS ON THE PLANET

WHO HEADED THE MOST POWERFULDRUG OPERATION IN THE WORLD.

MEXICAN DRUG LORD JOAQUIN GUZMANKNOWN AS EL CHAPO HAS BEEN

CAPTURED ENDING A 13-YEAR LONGMANHUNT.

>> Jon: EL CHAPO GOT ELPOPPED-O.

EL CHAPO OF COURSE TRANSLATESEITHER TO A SHORT STOUT PERSONOR CORN PORRIDGE.

[LAUGHTER]WHICH IS KIND OF A WEIRD NAMEFOR A

TOUGH GUY.

LET ME INTRODUCE YOU TO MY GANG.

YOU KNOW ME CORN PORRIDGE.

OVER IN THE CORNER JIMMYOATMEAL, GARY GRUEL.

THIS TOUGH CUSTOMER OVER HEREFRANKIE CREAM OF WHEAT.

WE'RE PART OF YOUR CRIMESYNDICATE.

[ LAUGHTER ]LET ME TELL YOU SOMETHING DON'T

LET THE CUTE HANDLE FOOL YOUTHIS GUY NO BUENO.

THIS MAN WAS A TRUE MASTERMINDAND LETHAL.

SOURCES TELL US HE ISRESPONSIBLE FOR MORE DEAD

AMERICANS THAN OSAMA BIN LADEN.

>> Jon: SUDDENLY CORN PORRIDGESEEMS LIKE AN UNDERSTATED

NICKNAME.

IT WOULD BE LIKE FINDING OUTHITLER'S FRIENDS CALLED HIM

LITTLE SCHNITZEL.

THE REICH WILL LAST 1,000 YEARSUNDER YOUR LEADERSHIP -- WHICH

IS NOT TO SAY GUZMAN DID NOTHAVE A TERRIFYINGLY

IMPRESSIVE RESUME.

CHAPO GUZMAN IS SAID TO BE THETOP SUPPLIER OF ILLEGAL DRUGS IN

THE U.S.

>> FORBES RANKED HIM 67th ON ITSRECENT LIST OF THE WORLD'S MOSTPOWERFUL PEOPLE.

>> Jon: REALLY FORBES YOU HAVETO PUT NARCO TERRORISTS ON THEMOST POWERFUL PEOPLE LIST?

FORBES EDITORS KNOW THEY DON'THAVE TO DO THAT, RIGHT?

IS THE PUBLICIST THAT MUCH OF APAIN IN THE ASS.

ACTUALLY THE BEST PART IS THATON THE FORBES LIST EL CHAPO ISNUMBER 67 AND FALLS BETWEEN THE

EDITOR OF THE "NEW YORK TIMES"AND JOHN BOEHNER.

[ LAUGHTER ]THAT'S TRUE.

THAT MUST HAVE BEEN A VERY WEIRDTABLE AT THE BANQUET.

[ LAUGHTER ]WELL, PLEASED TO MEET YOU I'M

HEAD OF ONE OF THE MOSTNOTORIOUSLY CORRUPT AND VILEINSTITUTIONS IN

NORTH AMERICA.

NICE TO MEET YOU, TOO, I'M ELCHAPO.

BOOM HOUSE SLAM!

[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE][LAUGHTER]

>> Jon: I PULLED OUT JOHNBOEHNER'S HEART AND ATE IT IN

FRONT OF ALL OF YOU.

WAS THERE ANYTHING GOOD ABOUTTHIS GUY?

>> UNDER GUZMAN THE CARTELEMPLOYED MORE THAN ONE MILLIONARMED GANG

MEMBERS.

>> Jon: SO HE IS A JOBCREATOR?

[LAUGHTER]AT LEAST HIS ARREST WILL

SERIOUSLY DAMAGE THE NOTORIOUSSINALOA CARTEL AND STEM THIS

TERRIBLE FLOW OF DRUGS ANDVIOLENCE STARTING NOW.

>> THERE'S NO SHORTAGE OF MENWITH DECADES OF EXPERIENCE

WAITING TO TAKE HIS PLACE.

>> OFFICIALS WORRY HIS ARRESTCOULD LEAD TO ANOTHER BLOODY

TURF WAR.

>> THEY CREATED A POWER VACUUMAND THAT'S WHERE THE REALVIOLENCE

COMES IN.

>> Jon: WAR ON DRUGS.

YOU KNOW WHO WOULD HAVE HANDLEDTHIS WHOLE DRUG SITUATION?

REAGAN.

NO, NO --[LAUGHTER]

NOT THAT ONE.

>> JUST SAY NO.

>> Jon: YEAH!

WE'LL BE RIGHT BACK.

[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]>> Jon: WELCOME BACK.

MY GUEST TONIGHT A THEORETICALPHYSICIST, BEST SELLING AUTHOR

HIS NEW BOOK IS CALLED THEFUTURE OF THE MIND.

THE SCIENTIFIC QUEST TOUNDERSTAND,

ENHANCE AND EMPOWER THE MIND.

PLEASE WELCOME TO THE PROGRAMMICHIO KAKU.

[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]>> THANKS.

>> Jon: HOW ARE YOU?

>> VERY GOOD.

VERY GOOD.

>> Jon: THANK YOU FOR BEINGHERE.

>> GLAD TO BE ON.

>> Jon: THE FUTURE OF THEMIND.

THIS IS -- I THINK, A SUBJECTWHICH IS SO DIFFICULT FOR US TO

COMPREHEND AND IT -- YOU FINDYOURSELF IN A FEEDBACK LOOP OF

STUPIDITY.

[ LAUGHTER ]FOR ME -- THE PREMISE IS THAT

THE MIND IS SOMETHING THAT WEWILL FIND DOWNLOADABLE TO SOME

EXTENT.

>> THAT'S RIGHT.

THINK OF ALL THE COLLEGE COURSESTHAT WE FLUNKED WHEN WE WERE

YOUNGER, ALL THE COURSES WE CUT.

WE MIGHT BE ABLE TO HAVE A PLAYBUTTON.

YOU HIT THE PLAY BUTTON, AND YOUUPLOAD MATHEMATICS, UPLOADCALCULUS INTO YOUR BRAIN.

IT'S BEEN DONE ON A SMALL LEVELWITH MICE.

WE CAN ACTUALLY UPLOAD MEMORIES.

>> Jon: IS THAT MOUSE'S NAMEALGERNON BY ANY CHANCE?

BECAUSE I KNOW HOW THIS ENDS?

[LAUGHTER]>> EVENTUALLY WE'LL DO IT WITH

PRIMATES AND EVENTUALLY PERHAPSWITH ALZHEIMER'S PATIENTS.

WE'LL HAVE A BRAIN PACEMAKERTHAT ALLOWS US TO UPLOAD

MEMORIES TO A DAMAGEDHIPPOCAMPUS, LOCATED RIGHT HERE,SO THAT PEOPLE THAT HAVE

ALZHEIMER'S WILL HAVE MEMORYAGAIN.

IT'S ONE OF THEOBJECTIVES OF BEING ABLE TO

UPLOAD A MEMORY.

>> Jon: INCREDIBLE.

THE IDEA WOULD BE WHILE ONE SIDEOF THE INDUSTRY FOCUSES ON MAYBE

FIXING THE PATHWAYS BIOLOGICALLYTHERE'S A WHOLE OTHER SCIENCE

THAT IS WORKING AT THIS THROUGHDATA?

>> THAT'S RIGHT.

WE WANT TO BE ABLE TO DECIPHERTHE THINKING BRAIN AND PERHAPS

CONNECT THE BRAIN TO A ROBOT ORA MACHINE.

THINK OF STEPHEN HAWKING MYCOLLEAGUE.

HE IS TOTALLY PARALYZED.

HE HAS A CHIP IN HIS RIGHTFRAME.

NEXT TIME YOU SEE HIM ON TV LOOKAT HIS GLASSES. THERE'S A CHIPTHERE THAT PICKS

UP RADIO WAVES FROM HIS MIND,TRANSFERS IT TO A LAPTOP AND HE

CAN MENTALLY TYPE.

>> Jon: THIS IS SOMETHINGPRESENT NOW.

>> NOW.

>> Jon: AND HOW DOES HIS --HOW DOES THE CHIP IN HIS GLASSES

PICK UP A RADIO WAVE THAT HEGENERATES FROM HIS BRAIN?

>> BECAUSE IT'S VERY CLOSE TOTHE BRAIN.

FOR OTHERPATIENTS WE PUT IT DIRECTLY ON

THE BRAIN ITSELF.

A CHIP ABOUT THE SIZE OF A DIMECONNECTING THE CHIP TO A LAPTOP

AND THEN THE PERSON CAN OPERATEA WHEELCHAIR, OPERATE HOUSEHOLD

APPLIANCES, SURF THE WEB,ANSWER E-MAILS EVEN IF HE IS

TOTALLY PARALYZED.

>> Jon: IT'S INCREDIBLE.

IS HIS CHIP NOT IN HIS BRAINBECAUSE HIS BRAIN IS SO STRONG?

[LAUGHTER]IF YOU PUT THE CHIP ON HIS BRAIN

THE CHIP WOULD BE LIKE STOPYELLING, I CAN HEAR YOU, YOU ARE

SO BRAINY.

[LAUGHTER]BUT IN TERMS OF AMOUNTS OF DATA,

I WOULD IMAGINE LIKE WE'REACCUSTOMED TO THIS IDEA, OHWE'VE MAPPED

THE HUMAN GENOME. WHAT IS THEAMOUNT OF DATA THAT THE HUMANGENOME ENCOMPASSES?

>> IT'S PEANUTS COMPARED TO THECOMPLEXITY OF THE BRAIN.

WHAT SITS ON YOUR SHOULDER ISTHE MOST COMPLEX OBJECT IN THE

KNOWN UNIVERSE.

>> Jon: IN TERMS OF COMPUTINGPOWER WE HAVE NOW IN TERMS OF

TRYING TO DISSEMINATE THEAMOUNT OF ACTIVITY AND DATA

FLOWING THROUGH THE BRAIN, WHEREWOULD WE NEED TO GET TO BEFORE

IT'S A FEASIBLE TRANSACTION?

>> WE WOULD HAVE TO BUILD ACOMPUTER THE SIZE OF A CITY

BLOCK COOLED BY A RIVER.

ENERGIZED BY A NUCLEAR POWERPLANT TO MIMIC THECOMPUTATIONAL POWER OF YOUR

BRAIN WHICH DOES IT FOR 20WATTS.

WHEN SOMEONE CALLS YOU A DIMBULB IT'S A COMPLIMENT.

>> Jon: IT IS A COMPLIMENT.

20 WATTS OF POWER TO POWER THEBRAIN.

SO WHY IS THAT?

WHAT IS THE ENERGY SOURCE OF THEBRAIN THAT WE'RE UNABLE TO

FIGURE OUT.

>> FOR MOST PEOPLE IT'S JUST AFEW HAMBURGERS.

HOWEVER, WE DON'T KNOW HOW THEBRAIN ACTUALLY FUNCTIONS.

THE BRAIN IS NOT A COMPUTER INTHE NORMAL SENSE OF THE WORD.

THERE'S NO OPERATING SYSTEM.

THERE'S NO PENTIUM CHIP, THERE'SNO WINDOWS.

IT'S A LEARNING MACHINE.

IT LEARNS.

>> Jon: CAN IT EXIST OUTSIDE OFUS?

>> WELL, IF PRESIDENT OBAMA'SBRAIN INITIATIVE SUCCEEDS, WEWILL HAVE A CD ROM

>> Jon: WHAT?

HE HAS A BRAIN INITIATIVE?

HE CAN'T RUN A WEB SITE?

WHAT ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT?

A BRAIN INITIATIVE?

>> THEY WANT TO DUMP $1 BILLIONTO MAP ALL THE PATHWAYS OF THEHUMAN

BRAIN TO SOLVE THE QUESTION OFMENTAL ILLNESS LIKE

SCHIZOPHRENIA, BIPOLAR DISORDERAND ONE DAY THEY MAY HAVE A CD

ROM WITH ALL YOURPERSONALITY, ALL YOURNEURONS ON IT, THAT WILL LIVE ONAFTER YOU DIE.

IN OTHER WORDS SOME FORM OFIMMORTALITY IS A POSSIBILITYTHAT

CONSCIOUSNESS MAY EXIST EVENOUTSIDE THE HUMAN BODY.

IT WOULD BE NICE, RIGHT, LIVINGFOREVER?

[LAUGHTER]>> Jon: SORRY I'M THINKING OF

LIKE 300 YEARS FROM NOW, YOUKNOW, PEOPLE THAT -- YOUR KIDS

AND KIDS AND KIDS TAKING YOU OUTOF A CD JACKET.

LET'S HANG WITH GRANDPA FOR ALITTLE BIT.

>> AND YOUR DESCENDANTS WILL BEABLE TO HAVE A CHAT WITH YOU.

PERSONALITY TRAITS, MANNERISMSWILL BE THERE.

>> ALL CONSCIOUSNESS IS ARETHESE DATA POINTS?

>> IN SOME SENSE IN THIS LINEOF APPROACH YOUR PERSONALITYYOUR QUOTE SOUL

WOULD BE REDUCED TO DIGITALINFORMATION THAT IN SOME SENSE

YOUR GREAT, GREAT, GREAT GRANDKIDS COULD ACCESS TO HAVE ANEVENING CONVERSATION WITH YOU?

>> Jon: DON'T YOU THINKTHERE'S SPECIAL SAUCE WE DON'T

KNOW ABOUT THAT IS MORE THANJUST THE FUNCTIONS?

>> YEAH, THERE'S ALWAYS THE WILDCARDS.

>> Jon: YEAH.

>> LET ME GIVE YOU AN EXAMPLE.

IF YOU ARE HIT IN THE LEFT PARTOF THE BRAIN.

>> Jon: NOW YOU ARE JUSTGETTING WEIRD.

[ LAUGHTER ]>> CERTAIN PEOPLE DEVELOP

ENORMOUS MATHEMATICAL POWERS.

THEY BECOME SUPER GENIUSES.

THIS IS NOT THE AVERAGE BLOW TOTHE BRAIN.

DON'T GO HOME AND SOCK YOURSELFIN THE BRAIN TONIGHT HOPING TO

BECOME A SUPERGENIUS.

>> Jon: THAT IS SMART.

>> IT'S HAPPENED BEFORE.

WE THINK IT'S BECAUSE THE BRAINHAS LOST ITS ABILITY TO FORGET.

A PHOTOGRAPHIC MEMORY IS NOTBECAUSE MEMORIES DIE DOWN WITH

TIME.

WE FORGET HOW TO FORGET.

THE FORGETTING MECHANISM ISDISABLED IN THESE INDIVIDUALS SO

IT'S LIKE A TAPE RECORDER THATKEEPS ON TAPING AND NEVER

ERASING.

>> Jon: DOES IT RUN OUT OFMEMORY AT THAT POINT OR WILL IT

CONTINUE TO GO?

>> IT CONTINUES TO GO.

THESE PEOPLE CAN REMEMBER A DAY30 YEARS AGO ON A TUESDAY ON AN

AFTERNOON AT 2:00 IN THEAFTERNOON THEY CAN TELL YOU WHAT

BOOK THEY WERE READING ON WHATPAGE.

>> Jon: WHY WOULD OUR BRAINSNOT DO THAT ALL THE TIME?

WHY NOT BUY THE BRAIN WITH THEMOST MEMORY?

>> BECAUSE EVENTUALLY IT TRIPSYOU UP.

YOU GET MEMORY OVERFLOW.

YOU GET PARALYZED WITH SO MANYMEMORIES COMING AT YOU.

MANY OF THESE INDIVIDUALS, FOREXAMPLE HAVE A

HARD TIME KEEPING AN ORDINARYJOB BECAUSE THEY REMEMBER TOO

MUCH.

WE FORGET FOR A REASON BELIEVEIT OR NOT BECAUSE IT'S GOOD FOR

SURVIVAL AND EVOLUTION TOFORGET.

>> Jon: THAT'S WHAT BOOZE IS,YEAH.

[LAUGHTER]THIS STUFF IS INCREDIBLE.

WE'RE ON THE CUSP OF REALLY,TRULY AMAZING THINGS, ARE WE

NOT?

>> THIS IS THE GOLDEN AGE OFBRAIN RESEARCH.

>> Jon: I'M EXCITED ABOUTTHIS.

THE FUTURE OF THE MIND.

IT'S ON THE BOOKSHELVES NOW.

VERY, VERY FASCINATING.

MICHIO KAKU.

THANK YOU.

[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]>> Jon: THAT'S OUR SHOW.

HERE IT IS YOUR MOMENT ZEN.

>> UKRAINIANS STILL DIGESTINGTHE RAPID COLLAPSE OF THEIRPAST, AND THE

IMMENSE WEALTH OF YANUKOVYCHHERE AT HIS PERSONAL RETREAT.

THE LUXURY LITERALLY NEVERSEEMED TO END.

IN HIS BEDROOM ONE BELL FOR SEX,ONE FOR ALCOHOL.

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